The ongoing development of computer and Internet applications has resulted in the emergence of a whole new species of online computer games. Yes, online games form a major part of the Internet media. They have managed to draw in a large section of users, who indulge in online gaming activities for educational and entertainment purposes. Online computer games have amassed immense popularity from web users and their development continues.

Considering the rising popularity of online gaming; game developers ventured into new areas of online game creation and the genre of educational computer games was born. With the advent of educational online games, the Internet came to be regarded as a platform where learning was fun. Online educational games brought together, education and entertainment. They contributed to bringing the dream of interactive learning into reality.

Owing to the multimedia capabilities of computers and the audio and video streaming features supported by the Internet, lively and interactive educational games can be developed. Thanks to the relatively easy methods of Internet access, online educational games could amass a huge following.

What do educational computer games offer? They offer an innovative approach to teaching and learning and help in motivating the students towards education. They serve as an excellent aid to education and provide teachers with creative tools to educate children. They are intended to teach their users, a certain subject, reinforce certain concepts and assist the development of their learning skills. Online educational games cater to a wide range of web users. Some cater to the educational needs of high school and college kids while others are meant for preschoolers. Their layout and functionality varies depending on the age group of the users they cater to.

Educational computer games for preschoolers often aim at assisting kids with development skills and introducing them to numbers, alphabets, basic shapes and colors. These online games often offer the preschool kids, an opportunity to color pages, play math and letter games, solve simple riddles and thus acquire preliminary education through interesting ways. Some online educational games assist the preschoolers with certain creative art and craft activities.

Educational computer games designed for school and college students include activities like building words and playing with numbers and understanding basic concepts in science through interactive learning. Fundamentals of geometry can be effectively explained with computer games due to the computer's ability of displaying 3-D images and animations. Scientific concepts like rotation, Earth's gravitation, motion and acceleration can be explained with the help of computer games, thus adding fun to learning.

Many websites offer free online games like treasure hunts, memory games and puzzles. Some websites feature quizzes, at times, derived from television shows and quiz contests. Online game developers target the masses by deriving concepts from popular reality shows, video games or other traditionally prevalent games. Online adventure games are nonetheless educative as they help in the development of problem-solving and analytical skills. Many adventure games also require the players to plan strategically, analyze situations, venture risks and resolve mysteries.

True, some computer games involve violence. An overexposure to online games can result in adverse effects on the players. But, an adequate use of the Internet media is sure to help in making education, a fun-filled activity. Educational online games add to the fun element to education and make the otherwise monotonous process of learning, an enjoyable endeavor.

Erdinç EL
2A 101010008

Oscar Awards
An Academy Award is an award bestowed by the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize excellence of professionals in the film industry, including directors, actors, and writers. The Oscar statuette is officially named the Academy Award of Merit and is one of nine types of Academy Awards. An Academy Award is an award bestowed by the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)] to recognize excellence of professionals in the film industry, including directors, actors, and writers. The Oscar statuette is officially named the Academy Award of Merit and is one of nine types of Academy Awards.

The first awards were presented on May 16, 1929, at a private brunch at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with an audience of about 270 people. The post Academy Awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel.[3] The cost of guest tickets for that night's ceremony was $5. Fifteen statuettes were awarded, honoring artists, directors and other personalities of the filmmaking industry of the time for their works during the 1927–1928 period.
Winners had been announced three months earlier ; however that was changed in the second ceremony of the Academy Awards in 1930. Since then and during the first decade, the results were given to newspapers for publication at 11 pm on the night of the awards.[3] This method was used until the Los Angeles Times announced the winners before the ceremony began; as a result, the Academy has used a sealed envelope to reveal the name of the winners since 1941.

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), a professional honorary organization, maintains a voting membership of 5,783 as of 2012.
Academy membership is divided into different branches, with each representing a different discipline in film production. Actors constitute the largest voting bloc, numbering 1,311 members (22 percent) of the Academy's composition. Votes have been certified by the auditing firm PricewaterhouseCoopers (and its predecessor Price Waterhouse) for the past 73 annual awards ceremonies.
All AMPAS members must be invited to join by the Board of Governors, on behalf of Academy Branch Executive Committees. Membership eligibility may be achieved by a competitive nomination or a member may submit a name based on other significant contribution to the field of motion pictures.

The major awards are presented at a live televised ceremony, most commonly in February or March following the relevant calendar year, and six weeks after the announcement of the nominees. It is the culmination of the film awards season, which usually begins during November or December of the previous year. This is an elaborate extravaganza, with the invited guests walking up the red carpet in the creations of the most prominent fashion designers of the day. Black tie dress is the most common outfit for men, although fashion may dictate not wearing a bow-tie, and musical performers sometimes do not adhere to this. (The artists who recorded the nominees for Best Original Song quite often perform those songs live at the awards ceremony, and the fact that they are performing is often used to promote the television broadcast).


The 84th Academy Awards ceremony, hosted by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2011. The ceremony took place on February 26, 2012, at the Hollywood and Highland Center in Hollywood, California, and was televised live in the United States onABC.
The event was hosted by Billy Crystal, marking his ninth time as host, and produced by Brian Grazer. Eddie Murphy was originally scheduled to be the host, and Brett Ratner was to be producer. However, Murphy stepped down after Ratner resigned, following Ratner's use of a gay slur when discussing rehearsals.[3][4]
Academy Awards of Merit were presented in 24 standard competitive categories at the February 26, 2012, ceremony. Nominations for these awards were announced by AMPAS on January 24, 2012.[5] In addition, three Honorary Academy Awards were presented at the 3rd Annual Governors Awards ceremony held on on November 12, 2011.
The Artist and Hugo each won five awards, with the former winning Best Picture and its star Jean Dujardin winning Best Actor.[6] The Iron Lady won two awards, including Best Actress for Meryl Streep.[7] The Artist became the first silent motion picture in 83 years (after Wings, which won Best Picture at the1st Academy Awards) and the first French film to win Best Picture.[8][9


Best Cinematography: Robert Richardson, "Hugo"
Best Art Direction: Dante Ferretti and Francesca Lo Schavo, "Hugo"
Best Costume Design: Mark Bridges, "The Artist"
Best Makeup: Mark Coulier and J. Roy Helland, "The Iron Lady"
Best Foreign Language Film: "A Separation"
Best Supporting Actress: Octavia Spencer, "The Help"
Best Editing: Kirk Baxter and Angus Wall, "The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo"
Best Sound Editing: Phillip Stockton and Eugene Gearty, "Hugo"
Best Sound Mixing: Tom Fleischman and John Midgley, "Hugo"
Best Documentary: "Undefeated"
Best Animated Feature: "Rango"
Best Visual Effects: "Hugo"
Best Supporting Actor: Christopher Plummer, "Beginners"
Best Original Score: Ludovic Bource, "The Artist"
Best Original Song: Bret McKenzie, "Man or Muppet"
Best Adapted Screenplay: Alexander Payne, Nat Faxon and Jim Rash, "The Descendants"
Best Original Screenplay: Woody Allen, "Midnight in Paris"
Best Live Action Short: "The Shore"
Best Documentary Short: "Saving Face"
Best Animated Short: "The Fantastic Flying Books Of Mr. Morris Lessmore"
Best Director: Michel Hazanavicius, "The Artist"
Best Actor: Jean Dujardin, "The Artist"
Best Actress: Meryl Streep, "The Iron Lady"
Best Picture: "The Artist"